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Legal Details You Should Know About Selling A Property in Turkey (2024)

on 19 October 2023
Last update: 5 February 2024

Selling a house in Turkey is a complex process that requires careful consideration of the legal aspects involved.

To help ensure a successful transaction, we will highlight some key legal aspects you should be aware of in this blog post.

Legal Details You Should Know About Selling A Property in Turkey

General Turkish Real Estate Laws

To begin, here are some general Turkish real estate laws that foreigners should be aware of when selling a property in Turkey:

  • Property Title Deed: Foreigners are allowed to own real estate in Turkey, but they must obtain a property title deed (tapu) in order to do so. The tapu is a legal document that shows ownership of the property and is issued by the Land Registry Office. To obtain a tapu, foreigners must follow the same procedures as Turkish citizens.
  • Capital Gains Tax: When a property is sold in Turkey, the seller is required to pay a capital gains tax on the profit made from the sale. This tax is calculated based on the difference between the sale price and the purchase price of the property. The tax rate varies based on the length of time that the property has been owned, with longer ownership resulting in lower tax rates.
  • Title Deed Transfer Tax: In addition to the capital gains tax, the seller is also responsible for paying a title deed transfer tax. This tax is calculated based on the sale price of the property and is paid by the buyer and seller jointly.
  • Real Estate Agent: While it is not required to work with a real estate agent when selling a property in Turkey, many foreigners find it helpful to have a local expert on their side. Real estate agents in Turkey are licensed and regulated by the government, and can help with pricing the property. And they marketing it to potential buyers, and negotiating the sale.
  • Power of Attorney: If the seller is not able to be present in Turkey for the sale of their property, they can grant power of attorney to a trusted representative. The power of attorney allows the representative to act on the seller’s behalf in all matters related to the sale of the property.
  • Legal Assistance: It is recommended that foreigners seeking to sell property in Turkey work with an attorney who is knowledgeable about Turkish real estate law. The attorney can help with the transfer of ownership, drafting of contracts, and any other legal matters related to the sale.

These are just a few of the general laws and considerations that foreigners should be aware of when selling a property in Turkey. As with any legal matter, it is important to seek professional guidance to ensure that all laws and regulations are being followed correctly.

Before Selling a House in Turkey

Here are some tips to keep in mind before selling a property in Turkey as a foreigner in 2023:

Before Selling A House in Turkey
  1. Know the Market: Before selling your property, it’s important to have a good understanding of the local real estate market. You should research recent sales of similar properties in the area, and consider factors such as location, size, and condition of the property when setting a price.
  2. Get Professional Advice: It’s always a good idea to work with professionals when selling a property in Turkey. Consider working with a reputable real estate agent who has a good understanding of the local market, as well as a lawyer who is familiar with Turkish real estate law. They can help you navigate the legal process and ensure that your sale goes smoothly.
  3. Consider Timing: The timing of your sale can have a big impact on the success of your transaction. Be mindful of the time of year, as well as any local events or economic factors that could affect the market. Working with a real estate agent can help you determine the best time to sell.
  4. Be Prepared: Selling a property can be a lengthy process, so be prepared for the time and effort involved. You will need to obtain a property title deed (tapu), arrange for property inspections, and negotiate with potential buyers. Be patient and don’t rush the process, as this could result in a lower sale price.
  5. Know Your Obligations: As a foreigner selling a property in Turkey, it’s important to understand your legal obligations. This includes paying capital gains tax and title deed transfer tax, as well as complying with all applicable laws and regulations. Be sure to work with a lawyer to ensure that you are meeting all of your legal obligations.

Legal Processes: Selling a Property in Turkey

If you are a foreigner looking to sell a house in Turkey, there are some important legal details you should be aware of:

  1. Obtaining a Property Title Deed
    • Before you can sell your property in Turkey, you need to obtain a property title deed (also known as a tapu). This is a legal document that shows you as the rightful owner of the property. If you’re not already in possession of a tapu, you’ll need to apply for one at the Land Registry Office (Tapu ve Kadastro Müdürlüğü) in the district where your property is located.
  2. Paying Taxes
    • When you sell a property in Turkey, you’re required to pay a few different taxes. These include a capital gains tax (which is based on the difference between the sale price and the purchase price of the property) and a title deed transfer tax (which is based on the sale price of the property). It’s important to work with a tax professional to ensure that you’re meeting all of your tax obligations.
  3. Working with a Real Estate Agent
    • While it’s not required to work with a real estate agent when selling a property in Turkey, it can be helpful to have a local expert on your side. A good agent can help you set a fair price for your property, market it effectively, and handle negotiations with potential buyers. Be sure to work with a reputable agent who has a solid understanding of the local real estate market.
  4. Understanding the Legal Process
    • The legal process of selling a property in Turkey can be quite different from what you’re used to in your home country. For example, in Turkey, it’s common for buyers to pay a deposit (known as a “reservation fee”) when they make an offer on a property. This deposit is typically non-refundable, so it’s important to be sure that you’re comfortable with the terms of the sale before accepting a deposit.
  5. Working with an Attorney
    • Finally, it’s a good idea to work with an attorney who has experience in Turkish real estate law. Your attorney can help you understand your legal rights and obligations, review any contracts or agreements you’re asked to sign, and ensure that the sale goes smoothly.
Selling A Property in Turkey As A Foreigner

Frequently Asked Questions

In addition to all these details, if you want to read it again in summary, here are some frequently asked questions:

1. Can foreigners own property in Turkey?

Yes, foreigners are allowed to own property in Turkey. However, they must obtain a property title deed (tapu) in order to do so.

2. What are the legal requirements for selling property in Turkey as a foreigner?

Foreigners selling property in Turkey must pay capital gains tax and title deed transfer tax, and must comply with all applicable laws and regulations. It is recommended to work with a lawyer who is knowledgeable about Turkish real estate law.

3. Do I need to work with a real estate agent to sell my property in Turkey?

No, it is not required to work with a real estate agent to sell your property in Turkey. However, many foreigners find it helpful to work with a local expert who can provide guidance and support throughout the process.

4. How do I price my property for sale in Turkey?

It’s important to have a good understanding of the local real estate market, and to research recent sales of similar properties in the area. Consider factors such as location, size, and condition of the property when setting a price.

5. What is the process for transferring ownership of a property in Turkey?

The transfer of ownership is handled by the Land Registry Office, and involves the completion of several legal documents. It is recommended to work with a lawyer who can help guide you through the process.

6. What taxes do I need to pay when selling a property in Turkey?

When selling a property in Turkey, the seller is required to pay capital gains tax on the profit made from the sale, as well as a title deed transfer tax. The tax rates vary based on the length of time that the property has been owned.

7. How long does it take to sell a property in Turkey?

The length of time it takes to sell a property in Turkey can vary based on factors such as the local market, the condition of the property, and the effectiveness of the marketing strategy. It’s important to be patient and to work with a professional who can help guide you through the process.

Selling a property in Turkey as a foreigner is not a simple process. By following these tips and working with knowledgeable professionals, you can help ensure a smooth and successful sale of your property in Turkey.

You can find all kinds of content about selling or renting properties on Emlaksat Blog. You can call us every day from 08503079363, send a WhatsApp message from our website or send an e-mail to our e-mail address bilgi@emlaksat.com. If you like, we can also contact you if you fill out the contact form on our website.

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